Kayaking is a form of physical water activity that involves paddling using a double bladed oar and a small boat known as the kayak. The boat sits low in the water featuring an enclosed deck covering the legs. Depending upon their intended use, kayaks come in different shapes and sizes. Usually, it accommodates a single paddler but in tandem kayaks, there are two and sometimes three paddlers on a single kayak. It is simply moving across the water using a kayak and pair of paddles.

History

Kayaking was first originated in the north arctic region around Greenland 1000s of years ago by the Inuit tribe formerly known as the “Eskimos”. Kayaks also called as the hunter’s boat were primarily created for hunting and fishing. Its sleek pointed design enabled hunters to sneak up behind animals on the shoreline and catch their prey. Animals like sea otters and other indigenous fishes were the main hunt using kayaks in those times. By the mid 1800s, kayaking as a sport was popularized by the British and French Englishmen. Different types of kayaks based on the kind of kayaking sport were introduced back then.  Now more than 10 white water kayaking events are featured in the Olympics.

Design

Kayaks have been developed into different types and designs based on the type of kayaking. Earlier, the frame of the kayak was created using driftwood or sometimes the skeletons of whales and the kayak body was constructed using seal skin mainly.  Nowadays, that’s not the case. Kayak’s design can be widely classified into different types. They can be made out of metal, fibreglass, wood, plastic, fabrics and inflatable fabrics such as PVC or rubber and even costlier carbon fibre. When one type of material is used for its design, specific advantages come with it like strength, durability, stability, manoeuvrability, resistance to ultraviolet and storage requirements. If you’re looking more good outdoor fun check out https://outdoorgearonly.com.

Types of Kayaks and equipment

The only gear one needs is a kayak, a paddle and in some cases, a life jacket. But then in addition a helmet, a whistle (for signalling emergencies), some ropes, a diving knife are also recommended for safety. Appropriate clothes that are water repellent and a waterproof bag for carrying required items are suggested.

Types of Kayaks—

Kayaks are broadly categorised into two: Flat-water and white-water

There are again five types of flatwater kayaking and four types of white water kayaking.

Flat-water kayaks—

Sit-on-top, recreational, touring, inflatable and pedalling

White-water kayaks—

Play-boats, River runners, Creek-boats, Old school and Inflatable (duckies)

Activities involving kayaks

Diving—

It is a recreational diving where divers all paddle along with their gear to the diving site.

Fishing—

Fishing by kayaks is called kayak fishing.

Ecotourism—

Kayak trips have largely emerged as a part of tour activities.

White-water–

White water kayaking is the most common use of kayaking as a water sport. White water kayaking is when a kayaker traverses down a series of rapids.

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